Commerce by Salvador Gurri

  • Description

  • Work's History

Commerce, by Salvador Gurri, is a female figure, barefoot and very well dressed, who holds in her right hand the horn of plenty, an object related with the concept of commerce because it continually provides wealth. At her feet lies a vigilant lion.

According to the legend, Rhea saved her son Zeus (Jupiter to the Romans) from the cruelty of his father Cronos (Saturn), who devoured his children one by one as soon as they were born. Zeus was brought up in Crete, where the nymphs of Mount Ida and the Curetes, minor Cretan warrior gods, took charge of him. Zeus fed on honey and drank the milk provided by a she-goat of the nymph Amaltea – although some versions of the myth suggest that Amaltea herself was a goat – while the Curetes performed frantic dances and clashed their swords together to prevent Cronos from hearing the child’s cries. One day, while playing, Zeus broke one of the goat’s horns, which he then gave to his nurse Amaltea, promising her that the horn would always produce all the fruits she might desire; hence the expression cornu copiae (cornucopia), meaning ‘horn of plenty.’

Within the Neoclassical remodelling plan of the Llotja, the Royal Board of Trade of Barcelona commissioned two marble sculptures to decorate the first section of the main stairway which leads from the courtyard to the first floor of the building. Salvador Gurri i Corominas was the creator of the two works, which represent Commerce and Industry.


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Author's works
at the Llotja de Mar

  • Industry

    Salvador Gurri 
  • Commerce

    Salvador Gurri 
  • Coat of Arms of the Virgin

    Salvador Gurri 
  • Coats of Arms of the Board of Trade

    Salvador Gurri 
  • Allegory of Science

    Salvador Gurri 
  • Allegory of Industry

    Salvador Gurri 
  • Allegory of Agriculture

    Salvador Gurri 
  • Allegory of Maritime Trade

    Salvador Gurri